“Alice had got so much into the way of expecting nothing but out-of-the-way things to happen,
that it seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on in the common way.” ― Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland
that it seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on in the common way.” ― Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland
USS ESTES AGC-12: "The Elegant Lady"
Howard T. Moore (RM Chief) Reports for Duty on U.S.S. ESTES in January 1951 upon her recommissioning with the new radio gear and listening devices he has worked on both at the Naval Labs i Maryland and at Oak Ridge for over two years in preparation for these hydrogen, thermonuclear, radiologic tests and experiments.
USS ESTES 1951
As a Flagship, "The Elegant Lady's" official movements as can be traced through it's successive Commanders and high profile positioning.
A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, reflecting the custom of its commander, characteristically a flag officer, flying a distinguishing flag. Used more loosely, it is the lead ship in a fleet of vessels, typically the first, largest, fastest, most heavily armed, or best known. Over the years, the term "flagship" has been borrowed in metaphorical form by other industries to refer to their highest profile or most expensive products.
History of the USS Estes 1951 > 1960
Estes recommissioned 31 January 1951, and after training off San Diego, sailed 20 June for Yoksuka and Inchon,
where from 25 July to 6 August, she served as flagship for Vice Admiral I. N. Kiland, Commander, Amphibious Force, Pacific. She carried successive Commanders, Amphibious Group One, through the remainder of this tour of duty in the Far East, during which she operated off Korea and in exercises off Japan.
Returning to San Diego 19 April 1952, Estes carried high-ranking observers to the Marshall Islands for nuclear weapons tests in the fall of 1952, and in the summer of 1953, served as flagship for an expedition to supply Government activities in the Arctic. Between January and May 1954, she again sailed for atomic weapons tests at Eniwetok, and on 6 July cleared for the Far East. As control ship for Operation "Passage to Freedom," the evacuation of refugees from Communist North Vietnam, Estes operated from Haiphong 18 August to 29 October. Between 6 and 11 February 1955 she joined in another outstanding illustration of the Navy's ability to aid freedom-loving people when she operated in the evacuation of the Tachen Islands.
Estes returned to San Diego 22 May 1955. She operated out of there for the next year. Between March and July 1956, she was again in the Marshalls for weapons tests, and on 31 January 1957 sailed for Yokosuka, where she provided quarters and communications facilities until April, sailing then to visit Hong Kong. She returned to stateside duty 15 May, voyaging to Pearl Harbor in July and August.
The next year found Estes sailing north in July to ports in British Columbia, and again in August to call at Seattle. During her 1959 tour of duty in the Far East she directed important amphibious operations off Japan, Okinawa, and Korea, and exercises off Borneo with ships of the Royal Navy and Royal New Zealand Navy. She returned to Long Beach in August, and through 1962 operated along the west coast, twice visiting the Pacific Northwest.
Estes received two battle stars for Korean war service.
USS ESTES PORT OF CALL with The Chief aboard - Active Duty
Jan (6) San Diego, CA Ð Naval Training Center
Feb Reported Aboard U.S.S. ESTES AGC-12
For Duty San Francisco, CA
Apr-May OPERATION GREENHOUSE
May Ar San Diego, CA fo ÒUnderway TrainingÓ
Jun (20) Lv San Diego (22) Ar San Francosco, CA
(29) Ar Honolulu, T.H.
Jul (4) Lv. Honolulu T.H.
Inchou (sp), Korea
Aug Inchou (sp), Korea
Sep Yokasuka Japan
Visited: Osaka & Kyoto
Oct Sasido, Japan
Nov Pusan, Korea
Mukawa, Hatkido (Sp?)
Trying to confirm his presence
April and May of 1951
conducted at Enewetok Atoll It consisted of four relatively high yield tests (by the standards of the time) - Dog, Easy , George, and Item. Dog and Easy were proof tests of two new strategic bombs the Mk 6 and Mk 5 respectively. George and Item were the first true tests of thermonuclear fusion - the release of fusion energy from thermally excited nuclei. George was a research experiment that studied deuterium-fusion burning when heated by thermal radiation. Item was the first test of the principle of fusion boosting of fission devices.
Dog 7 April 1951 (GMT) - Is. Runit, Enewetak Atoll
Easy 20 April 1951 (GMT) - Is. Enjebi, Enewetak Atoll
George 8 May June 1951 (GMT) - Is. Eberiru, Enewetak Atoll
Item 24 May 1951 (GMT) - Is. Enjebi, Enewetak Atoll
The amount of fallout received by the six JTF 3 ships varied with their locations at shot time and their decontamination procedures. Radiation intensities were lower for shipboard personnel than for island-based personnel because many of the ships' external surfaces could be decontaminated quickly by the water washdown systems.? Some notes show washdown system was recycled contaminated water.
Abstract : The radiological environments are reconstructed for seven ships and the residence islands of Enewetak Atoll that received fallout during operation GREENHOUSE (April-May 1951) as a result of Shots DOG, EASY, and ITEM. From the reconstructed operations and radiological environments, equivalent personnel film badge doses are calculated and compared with actual film badge data available for six of the ships. Considering the increased time spent topside by badged personnel as opposed to an average crewmember, correlation between calculations and dosimetry is good. Average shipboard doses range from a low of 0.13 rem for the crew of the USNS LT. ROBERT CRAIG to a high of 1.14 rem for the crew of the USNS SGT. CHARLES E. MOWER. Average doses on the residence islands of Enewetak Atoll range.
1 9 5 2 - Ports of Call
Jan Yokasuka Japan
(18) Ar Nagasaki, Japan
Pohang Dong, Korea
Feb Pusan, Korea
Mar Inchon, Korea
Apr (1) Lv. Yokosuka, Japan
LAST ENTRY IN HIS HAND WRITTEN LOG
April Fools Day 1952
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On November 1, 1952, the United States detonated a 10.4-megaton hydrogen device in the Pacific on the Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands. The test, code-named "Mike," was the first successful implementation of Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam's concept for a "Super."
MIKE TEST 31 October 1952 (GMT)
The device detonated in the Mike ("m" for "megaton") test, called the Sausage, was the first "true" H-Bomb ever tested. The enormous explosion was the 4th largest device ever tested by the U.S. & high levels of radiation blanketed much of the atoll following the test.
The MIKE Test
Since scientists had limited information on how well lithium deuteride would work, they chose instead to use liquid deuterium, which needed to be kept below -417¡ F (-250¡ C). A six-story cab was built to house "Mike" with its complex cooling system. Weighing 65 tons, the apparatus was an experimental device, not a weapon. A two-mile-long tunnel that extended from the device to another island was filled with helium that would provide data on the fusion reaction.
Even those who had witnessed atomic tests were stunned by the blast. The cloud, when it had reached its furthest extent, was about 100 miles wide and 25 miles high. The explosion vaporized Elugelab, leaving behind a crater more than a mile wide, and destroyed life on the surrounding islands.
KING TEST - 15 November 1952 (GMT)
The device detonated in the King ("k" for "kiloton") test was dropped by a B-36H bomber flying out of Kwajalein Island. The detonation occured 20 feet lower than planned, with a circular bombing error of 570 feet +/- 35 feet. While perhaps not the largest deliverable fission bomb possible at the time, it was certainly pushing close to the practical limit.
"I was cleared for what they called a Queen Clearence, it's above top secret. It was established by the Atomic Energy Commission. They then lowered all the clearences to top secret. And for Operation Redwing I was cleared for top secret but for Castle and Wigwam I had a Queen Clearence."
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OPERATION CASTLE BRAVO
The Bravo test created the worst radiological disaster in US history. Dad's Commendation letter places him here.
Operation Castle was a series of high yield thermonuclear weapon design tests. Following the initial experimental demonstration of the Ulam-Teller design in Operation Ivy (the Sausage device detonated in the Ivy Mike test) both weapon labs rushed to develop a number of deliverable weaponized designs.
CASTLE BRAVO Surface Burst - Feb 28, 1954 - Bravo, February 28, Bikini, 15 megatons
The Bravo test created the worst radiological disaster in US history. Dad's Commendation letter places him here.
Discussion/Interview where Veteran knew about the fallout.
"I don't remember about that one, they kept quiet amongst the crew. They installed washdown systems on the ships that were out there. After the shots we would energize the washdown systems. They were like one huge dishwashing system and would wash all the particles off the ship. However we did find one coil of mooring line and it had 50 r of contamination and we were walking around that thing, not knowing it, until the monitors got up to it with Geiger counters and discovered it. They just picked up the line and threw it over the side.
One shot, I forgot which one, we took Life magazine photographers over to the area, and we had these big semi trailers that Life magazine had their equipment in and they took pictures and all that. Then they would have critiques in the wardroom of what went on and the scientists would stand up there in front of all those people and give them a big line of malarky. They snowed them people like you wouldn't believe. The guys in the crew didn't know all the details but we figured real quick the things they were telling the reporters wasn't all true."
Fourteen months later, on March 1, 1954, a deliverable hydrogen bomb using solid lithium deuteride was tested by the United States on Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands. By missing an important fusion reaction, the scientists had grossly underestimated the size of the explosion. The predicted yield was 5 megatons, but, in fact, "BRAVO" yielded 14.8 megatons, making it the largest U.S. nuclear test ever exploded. The blast gouged a crater more than 1/2 mile wide and several hundred feet deep and ejected several million tons of radioactive debris into the air. Within seconds the fireball was nearly 3 miles in diameter.
No one was living on the Bikini atoll at the time of the BRAVO blast. However, a total of 236 people were living on the atolls of Rongelap and Utirik, 100 and 300 miles east of Bikini, respectively. The residents of Rongelap were exposed to as much as 200 rems of radiation. They were evacuated 24 hours after the detonation. The residents of Utirik, which were exposed to lower levels of radiation, were not evacuated until at least two days later. After their evacuation, many experienced typical symptoms of radiation poisoning: burning of the mouth and eyes, nausea, diarrhea, loss of hair, and skin burns.
Ten years after the blast, the first thyroid tumors began to appear. Of those under twelve on Rongelap at the time of BRAVO, 90% have developed thyroid tumors. In 1964, the U. S. Government admitted responsibility for exposing the islanders to radiation and appropriated funds to compensate them.
CASTLE ROMEO Surface Burst - Mar 26, 1954 Ð Bikini - Romeo, March 26, Bikini, 11 megaton
Like Bravo, Romeo's explosive power far exceeded original projections - in fact it did so by an even larger factor, almost tripling the best guess yield. At 11 megatons Romeo was the third largest test ever detonated by the United States.
CASTLE KOON 6 April 1954 (GMT) - Koon, April 6, Bikini, 110 kilotons (sanitized out of the film as a fizzle of 1 megaton predicted yield. Koon was the first thermonuclear device to be designed by UCRL (now Lawrence Livermore), and was the last weapon design on which Edward Teller directly worked.
CASTLE UNION 25 April 1954 (GMT) - Union, April 25, Bikini, 6.9 megatons
CASTLE YANKEE May 1954 (GMT) - Yankee, May 4, Bikini, 13.5 megatons
CASLE NECTAR 13 May 1954 (GMT) - Nectar, May 13, Enewetak, 1.69 megatons
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OPERATION WIGWAM - May 14th 1955 off San Diego Coast
ESTES onsite & The Cheif aboard
May 14th, 1955 At Operation Wigwam, the bomb was thirty kilotons--more than twice the size of the Hiroshima atomic weapon--the government succeeded in depicting it as rather small. The San Diego Evening Tribune informed its readers that the Wigwam bomb was "thought to have had an energy equivalent of 1 to 5 kilotons, certainly smaller than 20 kt."
I would be conceived upon The Chief's return from Wigwam anf two previous years at OP Ivy, Castle Bravo.
_ _ _ _
Operation Wigwam remembered...
"At the Operation Wigwam, we were close enough, I think it was Wigwam, I had my hat blown off by the concussion.
We were out of formation, now that might have been Hardtack, too. I bet they're kind of hard to keep separate.
I feel we were used as guinea pigs cause they said we were out of formation. We weren't out of formation because of an accident. I believe it was because the skipper had orders to be in that position. That was at Operation Wigwam. I had to tear down to the generator flaps, to keep the generators on line. With out any steam, we were going round and round.
I think that was the most spooky because, we were in a convoy with a bunch of other ships and if we lost steering we would have no control. We had a tough time with that one.
We knew something had to be up, when we were all told to walk around to the other side of the ship. I was a radioman, my general quarters post was communications between the bridge and CIC and the radar room. So I was above decks for every blast, and in one way it was a blessing, because I was able to see them all. And the other way it was not a blessing because I got the maximum out of exposure.
Did it get the ship wet?
Oh yeah, the stupid part of the whole deal is that they would tell you to go take a shower. It was recycled water, that they ran through the filtering system, the desalinasation (desal) system. There was no way to take out radioactive contamination in the water. The systems were antiquated and weren't capable of that.
They would run a gieger counter over you and you'd walk in to take a shower and come back out and you'd have just showered with radioactive water. And the same thing with the rest room facilities. On the Mansfield it was just sort of a long trough and eight or ten guy's would be sitting there and you'd have radioactive water running underneath you.
_ _ _ _
The following is excerpted from public testimony given to the
Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments at their 10th meeting on
January 20, 1995 in Washington, D.C.
"Mrs. McCarthy: Tom participated in Operation Wigwam in 1955. He died an untimely death from radiogenic cancers at age 44. He was ill with undiagnosable symptoms from the age of 36. He had many of the cancers that are on Public Law 100-321, however, the primary on his death certificate is lung cancer.
During the week before he died, Tom told me about his participation in Operation Wigwam, and he expressed concern as to what happened to the other men. The answer to Tom's question and concern about his fellow military men came after his death from the death bed of Commander Purdy of the ship Marion County, also in Operation Wigwam, also dying from lung cancer. On his death bed, Commander Purdy called in a young neighbor, Ron Josephson, and spoke haltingly into a tape recorder detailing and setting down the record on Wigwam, saying, "It's too late for me, son, but I feel that we're all left holding the bag, all those crews, not just on my ship, but all those crews."
Operation Wigwam detonated a 30 kiloton bomb, more than twice the power of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima, about 450 miles off the coast of California. I believe that Operation Wigwam was a human experiment, a human radiation experiment.
From an article titled, "Operation Wigwam:
The Story of California's Secret Nuclear War, the Enemy, 6,500 Americans," prepared at the Center for Investigative Reporting in Oakland, allow me to cite from this eye witness account of the scientists and the military men involved.
The task force of Scripps scientists knew that what they were readying was an experiment and an experiment involving human life. The chief objective of Operation Wigwam was to determine with accuracy at what ranges, under various conditions, a submarine or surface vessel will be destroyed by a deep underwater atomic explosion, and second, to determine the hazards to the ship and supporting forces.
Quoting from the article, "In other words, the naval personnel being assembled for the blast were unwittingly participating in a nuclear war games experiment." A copy of this article has been given to your staff.
The area in the Pacific Ocean where the bomb was detonated was determined by the Scripps scientists to be a biological desert. My husband said that after the detonation for as far as the eye could see the ocean was covered with dead marine life. No one could predict to any satisfactory degree the extent and type of surface and subsurface phenomena . No one knew, for instance, whether the ocean would be able to contain the shock or whether the radioactive blast would explode out into the air and contaminate the surface. What kind of shock wave and what it would do to the ships was also unknown.
AEC reports reveal that the detonation did break the surface of the water, sending a tidal wave of water over 600 feet high towards the ships. Air monitors stationed at San Diego measured a higher level of radioactivity over that city within four days of the blast. The radioactivity skyrocketed from ten to 20 times normal background levels over the next nine days over the state of California.
As a navigator stationed on the bridge of the Mount McKinley, my husband, I feel, was gravely exposed to the hazard of this experiment. He was at that site for four days after the detonation.
The official report on Wigwam described the spray from the detonation as an insidious hazard which turned into an invisible radioactive aerosol. And, the Defense Nuclear Agency's fact sheet on Wigwam carefully reports that radioactivity in water from the 30 kiloton underwater device was found some 80 miles distant.
There is no history of any cancer in my husband's extended family. Not one relative has passed on from this disease to this day. His physician told me that it took 25 years for his cancer to develop, and he died 25 years to the year of this test.
When the details of Operation Wigwam became publicly known in 1980, Governor Brown issued an immediate call for the federal government to publicly release the names of all servicemen involved in Wigwam, so that they could receive suitable medical treatment.
Victoria's note - I am conceived right after this test, when ship returns to San Diego Naval Base, Balboa, when The Chief gets a short shore leave with his wife.
In the five years since recomissioning, ESTES had added yeoman service in the troubled areas of Korea, Vietnam, and the Tachen Islands to her impressive WW II record. The peaceful Christmas of 1955 was only the third active duty Yuletide season ESTES had spent in the U.S. Even then, feverish preparations were in progress for "Operation REDWING," ESTES' third tour to participate in nuclear weapons testing at the Marshall Islands Proving Ground. Between March and July 1956, she was again in the Marshalls.
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Estes was present at Operation Redwing.
The Estes is (was) the center of the operation, with commander task group (CTG) aboard. A 17- detonation atmospheric nuclear weapon test series held at the Atomic Energy Cornmission's (AEC) Pacific Proving Ground (PPG) in the Spring and Summer of 1956. The PPG consisted of Enewetak and Bikini atolls in the northwestern Marshall Islands in the Central Pacific Ocean. From November 1955 through July 1957. In the Spring and Summer of 1956, we were the Flagship for "Operation Redwing" in the Marshall Islands. I think I remember that there were 17 "shots" during the Operation both at Eniwetok and Bikini.
From Verteran Interview
"For Redwing we carried some of the bombs, I don't remember how many. There were several shots. I don't remember how many shots there were in Redwing. It was fascinating and eerie, knowing all the destruction and power.
ThatÕs true, all the shots I was on, I wore the glasses, I was cautious of my eyes. When they gave us glasses we maintained the glasses through the whole series. Even with those glasses which were stronger and darker than the glasses that the welders use. It seemed like daylight, everything was so plain and visible."
OPERATION REDWING May 4 Ð June 15, 1956
Operation REDWING, a 17-test nuclear weapons series, was conducted at the Pacific Proving Ground between May 4 and July 21, 1956. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) tested high-yield thermonuclear devices that could not be tested at the Nevada Test Site.??Over 10,000 military personnel and civilian employees of the AEC and the Department of Defense participated in these nuclear tests. The LACROSSE and CHEROKEE tests were observed from aboard the USS Mount McKinley by 15 American press, radio and television reporters. These were the first uncleared U.S. civilians in ten years to observe an American nuclear test in the Pacific.??The AEC's progress in miniaturization of warheads had accelerated to where the equivalent of the nearly 90-ton weight of the MIKE device in Operation IVY could now be dropped from a bomber. Operation REDWING also further advanced the AEC's designs of nuclear weapons that would produce reduced fallout and provided new information for the design of nuclear warheads for missiles. Complete weapons systems were exposed to blast effects in Operation REDWING, and a fallout computer was successfully used for the first time. The series included the CHEROKEE test, the first airdrop by U.S. of a thermonuclear weapon.
Tests comprising the 1956 Operation REDWING were as follows:
LACROSSE - May 4, Enewetak (Runit Island), surface, weapons related, 40 kilotons (kt)
CHEROKEE - May 20, Bikini (near Nam Island), airdrop, weapons related, 3.8 megatons (Mt)
ZUNI - May 27, Bikini (Eneman Island), surface, weapons related, 3.5 Mt
YUMA - May 27, Enewetak (Aomon Island), tower, weapons related, 190 tons
ERIE - May 30, Enewetak (Runit Island), tower, weapons related, 14.9 k
SEMINOLE - June 6, Enewetak (Boken Island), surface, weapons related, 13.7 kt
FLATHEAD - June 11, Bikini (off Iroij Island), barge, weapons related, 365 kt
BLACKFOOT - June 11, Enewetak (Runit Island), tower, weapons related, 8 kt
KICKAPOO - June 13, Enewetak (Aomon Island), tower, weapons related, 1.49 kt
OSAGE - une 16, Enewetak (near Runit Island), airdrop, weapons related, 1.7 kt
INCA - June 21, Enewetak ( Lujor Island), tower, weapons related, 15.2 kt
DAKOTA - June 25, Bikini (off Iroij Island), barge, weapons related, 1.1 Mt
MOHAWK - July 2, Enewetak (Eleleron Island), tower, weapons related, 360 kt
APACHE - July 8, Enewetak (off Dridrilbwij Island), barge, weapons related, 1.85 Mt
NAVAJO - July 10, Bikini (off Iroij Island), barge, weapons related, 4.5 Mt
TEWA - July 20, Bikini (off Nam Island), barge, weapons related, 5 Mt
HURON - July 21, Enewetak (off Dridrilbwij Island), barge, weapons related, 250 kt
Note from Veteran
Thats true, all the shots I was on, I wore the glasses, I was cautious of my eyes. When they gave us glasses we maintained the glasses through the whole series. Even with those glasses which were stronger and darker than the glasses that the welders use. It seemed like daylight, everything was so plain and visible.
I agree with the comment from Cecil (Cecil Herald, Crossroads section) about not being able to relate to friends and neighbors. They simply do not understand because the nuclear detonations we experienced there are not describable to people not there, since there are virtually no words to describe the experience.
I haven't made any effort to obtain any exposure records. I'm not sure they exist. We wore dosimeters and film badges. The dosimeters were a visual indicator of the level of radioactive fallout being measured on a paper like material in a plastic holder. As the level of radioactivity increased, the dosimeter color would change from a pale blue color to a pink. The more pink, the higher the level of radiation.
A few hours (about 5 or 6) after the Cherokee shot, we were playing softball and drinking beer on the island of Bikini, which was about 20 or 25 miles from ground zero. The mushroom cloud had spread out for hundreds of miles. Someone noticed a change in color of the film badge of a shipmate. We all checked ours and saw the same thing. About this time, the ship's whistle and fog horn began to sound. This is an alert to return to the ship immediately. The ship was closed completely. All doors, hatches and ventilation systems were closed. Being in warm tropical water, the temperature inside the ship immediately began to increase to the point of sailors unable to work. Sailors were laying everywhere after a few hours. The ship was steaming out from underneath the fallout from the mushroom cloud. We didn't have fresh air until early the next morning.
In the radio room, where I was a supervisor, the communications equipment generated a lot of heat. There were many receivers (vacuum tubes) which consumed several hundred watts each. All but the most critical communication circuits were shut down. Fans were turned on the workers. All unnecessary personnel were relieved of duty and sent to their berthing compartments.
I remember Cherokee well!
For each detonation, all personnel were topside. No one was left below decks. The ship was parallel to ground zero. The distance varied with the anticipated yield of the device. Most detonations were scheduled for 6:06 AM. At this hour, it was dark at sea level, but daylight at 30 or 40 thousand feet. This provided for illumination of the stem of the mushroom cloud as it rose through this elevation.
We were seated on the deck of the ship, on the ground zero side, facing away from ground zero, with our eyes buried in our elbows. The fleet communication system counted down the time. At zero hour, the flash of light was so bright, you could see the extreme brilliance through your arm, but the light was too dazzling to see any bone content as you might think.
After a couple minutes, we were allowed to turn and view the detonation. Most of us took an early peek. It only dazzled us. We could only see spots in front of our eyes for a while. Akin to having a bright flash bulb flashed a few inches in front of your eyes.
Based on the distance from ground zero, the arrival of the shock wave was broadcast over the fleet intercom, "The shock wave will hit the ships in the number two ring in ten seconds, nine, eight, etc..."
You could see the shock wave racing across the surface of the ocean. The shock wave was a strong gust of wind, accompanied by a roaring sound (akin to a water fall) and a warm rush of air (not hot). The strength of the shock wave was adequate to slam hatches left open on the ship, or would knock a person off their feet if not anticipating it.
Fallout (no pun) from these tests include sensitivity to cancer and cancer related problems. For that reason, although I am now and always have been healthy, I like to keep track of my peers from those tests."
_ _ _ _
Note: Plan of the day
Carry out the regular IN PORT routine except as modified below:
0500 - Reville - Coffee.
0530 - Set condition able in Gas Tight enevelope, except for access doors and force ventilation system.
0545 - Quarters for muster "Count Down Parade". Division Officers insure that each person is wearing film badge and dosimeter - conduct Radsafe lecture.
0604 - All personnel will sit down on deck & those not wearing goggles will then face away from detonation site with eyes closed and face covered with arms.
0606 - "H" Hour - 0626 is alternate "H" Hour.
At H plus 10 seconds, all hands may turn to view the phenomina.
Keep firm footing, the shock wave will pass in about 2 minutes.
0700 - Catholic Mass and Rosary in the Library.
0800 - Turn to, commence ship's work. All hands not actually required top-side, remain below decks.
1030 - (About) Return to Bikini and moor to buoy.
A series of 35 test from April through August in the Pacific Proving Grounds.
Howard is Tansferred to San Francisco Naval Base
- - - DD-214 shows Separation Date of February 16, 1959 - - -
Transferred to Class F-6 Naval Fleet Reserve
Specialist Number & Title: RMC_P1 (2314)
Commandant TWELVTH Naval District - Treasure Island Naval Base
Recommended for Reinlistment
6 Good Conduct Medals - No listing as to When/Where received.
The Ret. Chief Moore is hired by Beckman Industries as a project manager to oversee development, building and testing a military supercomputer E.A.S.E. Another project he could not discuss.
Sanitized by the Department of Energy. Interesting and informative as much for the tests as it is to see the ship operations and equipment.
RADM Espie Inspection-1953
Change of Command
USS ESTES Commanders the Chief served.
6/50 > 4/52 Wood, Robert W.
4/52 > 9/53 Holtwick, ,Jack S./ Jr.
9/53 > 11/54 Waterhouse, Jacob W.
11/54 > 12/55 Peterson, Mell A.
12/55 > ?/56 Firth, Maxim W.
?/56 > 4/58 Burrow, James B.
4/58 > 5/59 Westholm, Rollin E.
RMCPO Moore at Change of Command
USS Estes - 1955
RMCPO Moore walking his ladt and final Inspection aboard the USS Estes - 1959, Treaures Island, San Francisco
Following debriefing in Anapolis, Chief Moore is transferred to San Francisco Naval Base
Treasure Island as an F-6 Naval Fleet Reserve.
DD-214 shows Separation Date of February 16, 1959 in to what turned out to be a very busy and active 'Retirement."
Commandant TWELVTH Naval District - 6 Good Conduct Medals .
LT "Chuck" Barron Phib Gru 3 Weather/ Asst Intelligence Officer.
1952 - Yokosuko, Japan
Datwyler at Battle Station
On Deck - Bill McD.
Arctic OP - Blue Nose
OP Techen Island Evacuation
OP Passage to Freedom
Evacuation of refugees from Communist North Vietnam
OP Beacon Hill
Evacuation of refugees from Communist North Vietnam
Chiang Kai Chek (in the middle) with the ComNavWesPac Intelligence & weather officer on Estes, Captain Irwin Forest Byerl, CO of SACO, Naval Group China (lower right corner in gray uniform. Photos provided by
- the ship in a fleet that carries the commanding admiral.
- the best or most important thing owned or produced by a particular organization.